AbstractExtreme sea levels result from a combination of a range of factors that include long term mean sea level variability, astronomical tides, storm surges due to atmospheric pressure and wind, wave breaking, and other regional dynamics. Numerical circulation/storm-surge models are frequently used to predict water levels over broad areas with the outputs used for planning or emergency management applications. Recently, coupled wave-circulation models have been shown to improve extreme sea level predictions through the inclusion of wave setup that results from the transfer of momentum of breaking waves into sea level at the shoreline. Other studies have shown that the representations of surface wind drag can be improved when the sea state is considered, and this can directly influence the amplitude of storm surges at the coast. However, most coupled wave-circulation model studies have been undertaken for relatively small computational domains and for a limited range of coastal morphologies and storm types. In this paper we assess the benefits and limitations of using a coupled wave-circulation model to predict extreme sea levels and determine wave effects for a broad range of coastal morphologies and extreme storm events all around Australia. Simulated events occurred in three oceans and considered tropical cyclones, a cyclone undergoing extratropical transition, and a large mid-latitude extratropical low-pressure system.
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S Roland, A., Zhang, Y.J., Wang, H.V., Meng, Y.Q., Teng, Y.C., Maderich, V., Brovchenko, I., Dutour-Sikiric, M., and Zanke, U., A fully coupled 3D wave-current interaction model on unstructured grids. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 2012. 117.