EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF A HYBRID ARTIFICIAL CORAL REEF WITH BRAIN AND STAGHORN CORALS
ICCE 2022
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How to Cite

Ghiasian, M., Tan, P., Unsworth, J., Baker, A., Lirman, D., Haus, B., & Rhode-Barbarigos, L. (2023). EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF A HYBRID ARTIFICIAL CORAL REEF WITH BRAIN AND STAGHORN CORALS. Coastal Engineering Proceedings, (37), structures.98. https://doi.org/10.9753/icce.v37.structures.98

Abstract

Considering that more than 40 percent of the world's population resides within 100 km of coastal areas [WRI, 2007], the protection of coastal communities is critical. Coral reefs provide a large variety of ecosystem services from fishing, recreation and tourism to coastal flood risk reduction to nearby populations. They act as a green, self-building and self-repairing breakwaters dissipating wave energy through wave breaking and bed friction [Beck, 2018]. However, coral reefs are not typically accounted for as a coastal infrastructure as their effects are not easy to quantify [Ferrario, 2014] as their interaction with waves depends on multiple parameters including the variable morphologies of the organisms that form the reef. In this study, the wave energy dissipation of a scaled reef model with two coral species (staghorn and brain corals) of variable cover was evaluated through a series of laboratory experiments at the University of Miami SUrge STructure Atmosphere INteraction (SUSTAIN) Facility, a wind/wave tank with hurricane capabilities. A scaled coral reef model was tested under the direct impact of swell and hurricane generated waves considering Froude similarity with a prototype reef in South Florida.
https://doi.org/10.9753/icce.v37.structures.98
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References

World Resources Institute (WRI), Fisheries (2007) Population within 100 km of coast.

Beck, Losada, Menéndez, Reguero, Díaz-Simal, Fernández, (2018): The global flood protection savings provided by coral reefs. Nature communications, 9(1), pp.1-9.

Ferrario, Beck, Storlazzi, Micheli, Shepard, and Airoldi, (2014): The effectiveness of coral reefs for coastal hazard risk reduction and adaptation. Nature communications, 5(1), pp.1-9.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Mohammad Ghiasian, Peisen Tan, Joseph Unsworth, Andrew Baker, Diego Lirman, Brian Haus, Landolf Rhode-Barbarigos