AbstractThe great Japan earthquake on March/11/2011provoked an extreme tsunami wave toward the northeastern Japanese coast. The tsunami inundation covered a wide range of territories stretching over 500 km2 and caused devastating influences that claimed more than 15,000 lives (Mori et al. (2011)). Miyagi Prefecture, the closest mainland to the epicentre, received massive tsunami waves that reached over 40 m in run-up height. Prasetyo et al. (2019) aimed to reproduce the tsunami wave inundation in Onagawa Town of Miyagi Prefecture by building a physical model using Hybrid Tsunami Open Flume in Ujigawa Open Laboratory (HyTOFU) at Kyoto University to study the inundation process by measuring the wave height and arrival time. For that purpose, two wave types were used, the (Pump-type) hydraulic bore, and the (Piston-type) solitary wave. Also, 2D and quasi-3D (Q3D) models were tested for their robustness and applied to emulate tsunami propagation in the complex coastal city model. In this study, we adopted adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) for its efficiency in tsunami modelling with Basilisk open-source flow solver for non-linear shallow water (Saint-Venant) equations and fully non-linear Boussinesq (Green-Naghdi) equations (Popinet (2015)). The numerical experiment was conducted to validate the model by comparing the wave height with the physical model experiment, the 2D, and Q3D model results by Prasetyo et al. (2019).
Mori, N., Takahashi, T., Yasuda, T., & Yanagisawa, H. (2011). Survey of 2011 Tohoku earthquake tsunami inundation and run-up. In Geophysical Research Letters (Vol. 38, Issue 18). Blackwell Publishing Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GL049210
Popinet, S. (2015). A quadtree-adaptive multigrid solver for the Serre-Green-Naghdi equations. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcp.2015.09.009ï
Prasetyo, A., Yasuda, T., Miyashita, T., & Mori, N. (2019). Physical modeling and numerical analysis of tsunami inundation in a coastal city. Frontiers in Built Environment, 5. https://doi.org/10.3389/fbuil.2019.00046
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