ICCE 2022

How to Cite

SEASONAL DRIVERS FOR MANGROVE SEEDLING ESTABLISHMENT. (2023). Coastal Engineering Proceedings, 37, management.47.


Mangrove forests are located along (sub)tropical shorelines and can contribute to flood risk reduction and shoreline stabilization. Evidence of the wave-attenuating function of mangroves is increasing, but knowledge gaps persist regarding the critical conditions to mangrove forest development. The implementation of mangroves in coastal engineering practice also requires a firm understanding of these critical conditions (Gijsman et al., 2021). Conditions and thresholds for mangrove seedling establishment are key in the long-term development and survival of mangroves. Compared to mature mangrove trees, establishing young mangrove seedlings are much more vulnerable to daily to seasonal fluctuations in hydrodynamics and bed level dynamics (Balke et al., 2015). This study aims to develop a mangrove seedling establishment model to study the biophysical interactions and feedbacks between mangrove forests, tides, waves, sediment dynamics and seedlings. Combining field observations and numerical modelling, we will assess the critical conditions for mangrove seedling establishment on a daily to seasonal timescale.


Balke et al. (2015): Limits to seaward expansion of mangroves: translating physical disturbance mechanisms into seedling survival gradients, Journal of Exp. Mar. Bio. and Eco., 467, 16-25.

Gijsman et al. (2021): Nature-Based Engineering: A Review on Reducing Coastal Flood Risk With Mangroves, Frontiers in Marine Science, 8, 825.

Lovelock et al. (2010): Mangrove forest and soil development on a rapidly accreting shore in New Zealand, Ecosystems, 13, 437-451.

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Copyright (c) 2023 Rik Gijsman, Erik Horstman, Andrew Swales, Iain MacDonald, Pim Willemsen, Daphne van der Wal, Kathelijne Wijnberg