3D VELOCITY FIELDS WITH 2DH NUMERICAL STABILITY: A 3D ANALYTICAL-NUMERICAL MODULE FOR 2DH NUMERICAL MODELS

## How to Cite

3D VELOCITY FIELDS WITH 2DH NUMERICAL STABILITY: A 3D ANALYTICAL-NUMERICAL MODULE FOR 2DH NUMERICAL MODELS. (2023). Coastal Engineering Proceedings, 37, management.157. https://doi.org/10.9753/icce.v37.management.157

## Abstract

This research consists of the mathematical development of a three-dimensional (3D) analytical-numerical module that can be installed on vertically-averaged (2DH) numerical models. Designed to combine the advantages of both 3D and 2DH hydrodynamic models, it simulates a wide range of coastal natural water bodies of free surfaces and irregular geometries. Examples include estuaries, rivers, bays, lakes, and lagoons. Assuming a parabolic profile of turbulent viscosity and a predictor-corrector scheme applied to 2DH variables, a preliminary (predicted, analytical) logarithmic profile of horizontal velocity is used for the calculation of an adjusted (corrected, analytical-numerical) realistic 3D velocity field (u,v,w). Through a process of continuous synergetic interdependence, both the 3D module and the 2DH model feed on and enhance one another at every time step of a simulation in a cycle of mutual contribution that increases its accuracy. The following terms of the Navier-Stokes horizontal equations are considered in full three-dimensionality: local acceleration, non-linear advective accelerations, Coriolis acceleration, barotropic and baroclinic pressure gradients, and vertical shear stresses. All 2DH variables are allowed to vary in time and space (x,y,t) and all boundary conditions (dynamic and kinematic, bottom and surface) are analytically satisfied.

## References

Araujo, Rosman (2019): An analytical-numerical module to calculate vertical profiles of velocity in free surface flows (in Portuguese), Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ/COPPE.

Rosman (2019): Technical Reference of SisBaHiA (in Portuguese), Rio de Janeiro, Fundação COPPETEC.