ICCE 2014 Cover Image


Long waves
Wave Generation
Self Correcting Method (SCM)

How to Cite

ON THE GENERATION OF TSUNAMI IN A LARGE SCALE WAVE FLUME. (2014). Coastal Engineering Proceedings, 1(34), currents.14. https://doi.org/10.9753/icce.v34.currents.14


This paper presents very long, i.e. real tsunami-like wave generation in a large scale wave flume using a piston type wave maker. Waves of periods between 30 s and more than 100 s were generated at 1 m water depth using two different approaches: (i) deriving the wave board motion directly by integration of the water surface elevation, composed of a different number of solitons (sech2 waves) and (ii) using an iterative self correcting method (SCM). The importance of very long wave generation instead of solitary waves and the necessity for long testing facilities is discussed and results from GWK experiments are presented for single pulses (elongated solitons), N-waves and real tsunami records, either approximated as a combination of solitons or applying the SCM to the time series directly.


Chan, I-C., P.L.-F. Liu. 2012. On the runup of long waves on a plane beach, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C08006, doi:10.1029/2012JC007994.

Chaplin, J. 1996. On frequency-focusing unidirectional waves. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, 6, 131-137.

Daemrich, K.F., and A. Götschenberg. 1988. Wave generation and analysis in channels of the SFB 205, Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Wave Research and Coastal Engineering.

Daemrich, K.F., W.D. Eggert, and S. Kohlhase. 1980. Investigations on irregular waves in hydraulic models, Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Coastal Engineering.

Dean, R.G., R.A. Dalrymple. 1984. Water Wave Mechanics for Scientists and Engineers. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc., ISBN 0-13-946038-1, 1984. Reprinted Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co., ISBN 981-02-0420-5, 1991.

Didenkulova, I., E. Pelinovsky, T. Soomere, and N. Zahibo. 2007. Runup of nonlinear asymmetric waves on a plane beach, in: Tsunami & Nonlinear Waves (Ed: A. Kundu), Springer, 175-190.

Didenkulova, I. 2009. New trends in the analytical theory of long sea wave runup, in: Applied Wave Mathematics: Selected Topics in Solids, Fluids, and Mathematical Methods (Ed: E. Quak and T. Soomere), Springer, 265-296.

Didenkulova, I. 2013. Tsunami runup in narrow bays: the case of Samoa 2009 tsunami, Natural Hazards, 65 (3), 1629-1636.

Fernandez, H., V. Sriram, S. Schimmels, and H. Oumeraci. 2014. Extreme wave generation using self correcting method - Revisited. Coastal Engineering, 93, 15-31.

Goseberg, N., A. Wurpts, and T. Schlurmann. 2013. Laboratory-scale generation of tsunami and long waves, Coastal Engineering, 79, 57-74.

Grilli, S.T., R. Gilbert, P. Lubin, S. Vincent, D. Legendre, M. Duvam, O. Kimmoun, H. Branger, D. Devrard, P. Fraunie, S. Abadie. 2004. Numerical modeling and experiments for solitary wave shoaling and breaking over a sloping beach, Proceedings of 14th Offshore and Polar Engineering. Conference (ISOPE04), Toulon, France, 306-312.

Madsen, P.A., D.R. Fuhrman, and H.A. Schäffer. 2008. On the solitary wave paradigm for tsunamis, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, C12012, doi:10.1029/2008JC004932.

Rabinovich, A.B., and R.E. Thomson. 2007. The 26 December 2004 Sumatra tsunami: analysis of tide gauge data from the World Ocean Part 1. Indian Ocean and South Africa, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 164, 261-308.

Rossetto, T.; W. Allsop, I. Charvet, and D.I. Robinson. 2011. Physical modelling of tsunami using a new pneumatic wave generator, Coastal Engineering, 58 (6), 517-527.

Schimmels, S., V. Sriram, and I. Didenkulova. 2015. How to bring a tsunami into the laboratory, in preparation.

Schmittner, C., S. Kosleck, J. Henning. 2009. A phase-amplitude iteration scheme for the optimization of deterministic wave sequences. Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, OMAE2009-80131, 653-660, doi:10.1115/OMAE2009-80131.

Sriram, V., S.A. Sannasiraj, and V. Sundar. 2006. Numerical simulation of 2D nonlinear waves using finite element method with cubic spline approximation, Journal of Fluids and Structures, 22 (5), 663-681.

Sriram, V., S.A. Sannasiraj, and V. Sundar. 2007. Simulation of nonlinear free surface dispersive shallow water waves. Journal of Hydro-environment Research 1 (2), 126-132.

Sriram, V., and Q.W. Ma. 2012. Numerical modeling of Wave-Plate Interaction using Mesh free method, Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Coastal and Port Engineering in Developing Countries (COPEDEC 2012), IIT Madras, Chennai, India.

Sriram, V., I. Didenkulova, S. Schimmels, N. Goseberg. 2014. Tsunami propagation and run-up in nearshore areas, Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering (ICCE 2014), Seoul, Korea.

Synolakis, C.E. 1990. Generation of long waves in laboratory. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, 116 (2), 252-266.

Tadepalli, S., and C.E. Synolakis. 1994. The runup of N-waves, Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 445, 99-112, doi:10.1098/rspa.1994.0050.

Zhou, H., Y. Wei, and V.V. Titov. 2012. Dispersive modeling of the 2009 Samoa tsunami. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (16), L16603, doi: 1029/2012GL053068.

Authors retain copyright and grant the Proceedings right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this Proceedings.