AbstractEstimation of the maximum scour depth is important for defining the size and depth of building foundations in order to avoid failure during a tsunami event (Jayaratne, et al 2016). Traditionally, tsunami scour has been studied in laboratory experiments that use solitary waves. However, it has been demonstrated that this type of wave does not represent well a real tsunami (Madsen et al, 2008). In addition, results from field surveys are based on the scour depth after the tsunami event, studying only the maximum flow depth, and ignoring other hydrodynamic features such as velocity and wave period, as well as sediment deposition. The main objective of this research is to estimate maximum tsunami scour around rectangular structures as a function of realistic tsunami variables.
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