AbstractMany maritime operations can benefit from short-term deterministic sea wave prediction (DSWP). Conventional X-band radars constitute a convenient cheap source of measurements for DSWP. The radar backscatter measurements suffer from several imperfections such as the effect of larger waves shadowing smaller waves. In order to extract the wave profiles and build a reliable sea prediction model, multiple radar scans must be processed. In this paper, we present a new single-wavenumber least-squares spectral algorithm for wave prediction from radar backscatter. The proposed technique is evaluated using field data from a dedicated sea trial.
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