How to Cite

Llull, T., Mujal-Colilles, A., Castells, M., & Gironella, X. (2020). SHIP PROPELLER EFFECTS ON HARBOURS. Coastal Engineering Proceedings, (36v), waves.15.


The increase in marine traffic during the last decades has led to important changes in ship designs. These changes have been directly affecting harbor structures designed to host smaller and less powerful ships. One of the most important consequences is the erosion of the seafloor close to the toes of the docking infrastructures which affects their stability. The World Association for Waterborne Transport Infrastructures published a guideline resuming the most used equations to solve the scouring problem (PIANC 2015). However most of the proposed formulas are empirical based using single propellers. Other common propulsion systems, such as the twin propeller, have been barely studied so far. Moreover, the propeller scouring action by a free developing jet has received much more attention in comparison with confined scour studies, i.e. nearby marine structures. Indeed, only one reference (Mujal-Colilles et al. 2018) with experiments on the effects of twin propeller in a confined scenario is found nowadays, although it is known that most of the ro-ro and ferry ships use this propulsion system when maneuvering near closed quays. This contribution aims to provide new insights about the effects that twin propeller propulsion system has over the seabed through a set of experiments with mobile sand bed. The effects of the propeller pitch ratio are also evaluated in an attempt to better reproduce the behaviour of ferry ships, since most of them use a Controllable Pitch Propeller (CPP) system.

Recorded Presentation from the vICCE (YouTube Link):


Hamill, G., H.T. Johnston, and D. Stewart. 1999. “Propeller Wash Scour Near Quay Walls.” Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering 125(4): 170–75.

Mujal-Colilles, A. et al. 2018. “Stern Twin-Propeller Effects on Harbor Infrastructures. Experimental Analysis.” Water (Switzerland) 10(11).

Mujal-Colilles, A., X. Gironella, A. Crespo, and A. Sanchez-Arcilla. 2017. “Study of the Bed Velocity Induced by Twin Propellers.” Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering 143(5): 04017013.

PIANC. 2015. Guidelines for Protecting Berthing Structures from Scour Caused by Ships. Report N° 180. The World Association for Waterborne Transportation Infrastructure.

Wei, Maoxing, and Yee Meng Chiew. 2019. “Impingement of Propeller Jet on a Vertical Quay Wall.” Ocean Engineering 183(April): 73–86.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.