AbstractThis paper describes a mechanism of breaking waves over sloping bottoms in terms of changes in integral quantities of the waves. Systematic computations are made of wave profiles of shoaling waves up to the numerical unstable points by using the K-dV equation with variable coefficients and internal properties such as horizontal and vertical water particle velocities by a stream function method satisfying the conservation laws of mass and energy. Applicability of the numerical results is examined and a relation between numerical unstable points and actual breaker points is found. Characteristics of the integral quantities of shoaling waves are investigated in relation to the existence of the extremum of the energy of the shoaling waves and their breaking inception.
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