AbstractStability of hardly reshaping berm breakwaters has been investigated in this paper, mainly focusing on exposure to long waves. The study continues previous work by Aalborg University, which suggested that stability of berm breakwaters follow the plunging equation of the Van der Meer stability formula also in the surging domain. Different combinations of berm widths and elevations were tested in order to see if berm breakwaters in general follow the plunging formula or if they start to behave more like conventional breakwaters.
AwaSys 6. 2014. Wave Generation Software, Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University, http://www.hydrosoft.civil.aau.dk/awasys/.
Burcharth, H. F. 2012. On Front Slope Stability of Berm Breakwaters. Coastal Engineering, vol 77, no. July, pp. 71-76.
Dai, Y.B. and Kamel, A.M. 1969. Scale Effect Tests for Rubble Mound Breakwaters. U. S. Army Engineer Waterway Experiment Station, Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, Mississippi, Research Report H-69-2.
EPro. 2014. Erosion Profiler Software, Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University, http://www.hydrosoft.civil.aau.dk/epro/.
Lykke Andersen, T. and Burcharth, H. F. 2010. A new formula for front slope recession of berm breakwaters. Coastal Engineering, Vol. 57, pp. 359-374.
Lykke Andersen, T., Van der Meer, J.W., Burcharth, H. F., Sigurdarson, S. 2012. Stability of Hardly Reshaping Berm Breakwaters. ICCE 2012: 33rd International Conference on Coastal Engineering. American Society of Civil Engineers.
Lykke Andersen, T., Clavero, M., Frigaard, P., Losada, M., Puyol, J.I. 2014. Active Absorption of highly non-linear waves. Submitted to Coastal Engineering for review.
Moghim, M.N., Shafieefar, M.,Tørum, A., Chegini, V. 2011. A new formula for the sea state and structural parameters influencing the stability of homogeneous reshaping berm breakwaters. Coastal Engineering (2011), pp. 706-721. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Shekari, M.R., and Shafieefar, M. 2013. An experimental study on the reshaping of berm breakwaters under irregular wave attacks, Applied Ocean Research, Volume 42, August 2013, Pages 16-23, ISSN 0141-1187.
Sigurdarson, S. and van der Meer, J., 2012. Wave Overtopping at Berm Breakwaters in line with EurOtop. ASCE, Proceedings of ICCE 2012, Shanghai.
Sigurdarson, S. and J.W. van der Meer. 2013. Design of berm breakwaters, recession, overtopping and reflection. Proc. ICE, Coasts, Marine Structures and Breakwaters 2013, Edinburgh, UK.
Tørum, A., Krogh, S.R. 2000. Berm breakwaters. Stone quality. SINTEF Report No. STF22 A00207 to the Norwegian Coast Directorate, July 2000.
Van Gent, M.R.A., Smale, A.J. and Kuiper, C. 2003. Stability of rock slopes with shallow foreshores, ASCE, Proc. Coastal Structures 2003, Portland.
Van Gent, M.R.A. 2013. Rock Stability of Rubble MOUND Breakwaters with a Berm, Coastal Engineering, Volume 78, August 2013, Pages 35-45, ISSN 0378-3839
Van der Meer, J.W. 1985. Stability of revetments and breakwaters under random wave attack. Breakwaters; Design and Construction, Thomas Telford, Proc. Breakwaters '85 Conference, London.
Van der Meer, J.W. 1988. Rock Slopes and Gravel Beaches under wave Attack. PhD-thesis Delft University of Technology.
Van der Meer, J.W. 1992. Stability of the seaward slope of berm breakwaters. Journal of Coastal Engineering, 16 (1992), pp. 205-234. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
WaveLab 3. 2014. Wave Data Acquisition and Analysis Software, Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University, http://www.hydrosoft.civil.aau.dk/wavelab/
Zelt, J. A., and Skjelbreia, J. E. 1992. Estimating incident and reflected wave fields using an arbitrary number of wave gauges. Coastal Engineering Proceedings, 1(23).