AbstractA Korteweg & de Vries type equation with improved dispersion characteristics for uneven water depths is presented. The new KdV type equation contains mixed dispersion and shoaling terms, which extend its applicable range of relative depths to virtually deep waters. The wave equation also satisfies an important consistency condition that there is an exact agreement between the shoaling rate of the equation itself and the rate obtained from the constancy of energy flux. A finite-difference scheme is devised for simulating several linear and nonlinear cases over varying bathymetry. The performance the new KdV type equation is observed to be quite satisfactory.
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