AbstractThe conditions required for a takeoff in surfing, are discussed, with the waves simulated numerically, considering two types of wave breaking, i.e., a plunging type, and a spilling type. First, a surfer is required to obtain a sufficient value for the horizontal component of paddling speed, not to be overtaken by a wave peak. Second, when the surfer stops paddling, he needs to be floating at a location where the force on him is downward, along the wave front face. On the basis of both conditions, the time variation of the required value for the horizontal component of paddling speed, is evaluated for both the plunging-type, and spilling-type, cases. When the paddling speed is sufficient, the surfable area is larger in the former case, than in the latter, on the offshore side of the wave-breaking point.
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