AbstractOcean currents represent a potentially notable, currently untapped, reservoir of energy. The regions with strong current velocities such as narrow straits connecting two water bodies exhibit high current energy (power) potential especially where the water depths are relatively shallow (EECA, 2009). The Bosphorus, connecting the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara, is a typical narrow sea strait that generally exhibits a two-layered flow pattern: the upper layer current flows south towards the Sea of Marmara while the underlying current flows in opposite direction towards the Black Sea (Yuksel et al., 2008). The predominant mechanisms for the upper and lower layer flows are the higher water level of the Black Sea and the denser water of the Sea of Marmara, respectively.
Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority (EECA) (2009), Development of Marine Energy in New Zealand, Technical Report. Accessed at http://www.eeca.govt.nz/node/1331.
Yuksel, Ayat, Özturk, Aydoğan, Guler, Çevik and Yalçıner (2003): Responses of the stratified flows to their driving conditions a field study, OCEAN ENG ,vol. 35, pp. 1304- 1321.