AbstractOn a sand dune, a blowout is often formed owing to wind effect. The formation of a blowout was observed on November 25, 2016 at the Node coast facing the Pacific Ocean, where a blowout has been formed to leave a concave topography. Then, a model for predicting the formation of a blowout was developed using a cellular automaton method, in which two important factors of saltation and avalanche were taken into account. The results of the numerical simulation were compared with the measured results on the Node coast, and the predicted and measured shapes of the blowout were in good agreement. Also, it was found that the direction of the beach access must be extended in the direction normal to the direction of prevailing wind to prevent blowout formation.
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