TSUNAMI INUNDATION SIMULATIONS IN URBAN TOPOGRAPHY
AbstractThe inundation of the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake Tsunami showed complex behavior over the land. According to the surveys of the Tohoku Earthquake Tsunami in 2011, the behavior of tsunami in urban areas was different from that in rural areas and the damage was not only dependent on the inundation heights but also the local momentum. The buildings are commonly excluded and smoothed off in the topography in the conventional inundation simulation but it's important to understand the local characteristics of tsunami run-up in urban areas. The purpose of this study is to understand and validate numerical models of tsunami in the urban area.
Park, H., Cox, D., Lynett, P., Wiebe, D., and Shin, S. (2013) "Tsunami Inundation Modeling in Constructed Environments: A Physical and Numerical Comparison of Free-Surface Elevation, Velocity, and Momentum Flux." Coastal Engineering, v. 79, pp. 9-21, doi: 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.04.002.