AbstractSubmerged breakwaters are considered to be preferable countermeasures against beach erosion where the availability of sediments for nourishment is limited and tourism is prevalent because submerged breakwaters do not interfere with the view of the horizon from the shore. However, sandy beaches protected by submerged breakwaters are assumed to be vulnerable to relative sea level rise (SLR) and land subsidence because the crests of submerged breakwaters are below sea level. Kuriyama and Banno (2016) numerically predicted the future shoreline change under SLR and land subsidence on the Niigata West coast in Japan, which is protected by submerged breakwaters. The prediction showed that the shoreline will retreat 60 m over the next 100 years. In this study, we investigated the effects of countermeasures against the erosion due to SLR and land subsidence.
Kuriyama, Banno (2016): Shoreline change caused by the increase in wave transmission over a submerged breakwater due to sea level rise and land subsidence, Coastal Engineering, ELSEVIER, vol. 112, pp. 9-16.
Kuriyama (2010): A one-dimensional parametric model for undertow and longshore current velocities on barred beaches, Coastal Engineering Journal, Taylor & Francis, Volume 51, pp. 133-155.