THE RESPONSE OF HARBOR ENVIRONMENTS PROTECTED BY IRREGULAR FRINGING REEF SYSTEMS TO STRONG GRAVITY WAVE FORCING - A CASE STUDY

  • Assaf Azouri
  • Volker Roeber
  • Douglas S. Luther

Abstract

Three high-resolution, dispersive nearshore numerical models (BOSZ - Roeber & Cheung, 2012; FUNWAVE - Shi et al., 2012; XBeach - Roelvink et al., 2009) are compared and contrasted with observations from fringing- reef and harbor environments, in an attempt to test their ability to reproduce the wave transformation processes in a complex Hawaiian reef-system environment forced by highly energetic sea/swell wave conditions. Hale'iwa Harbor, located on Oahu's North Shore (Figure 1), is a small boat harbor that faces serious operational problems resulting from water level fluctuations and currents during periods of strong swells. These oscillations are predominantly at infragravity periods (rather than swell periods), and, nearly every winter season, their amplitude levels are sufficiently large to trigger significant surges in the harbor. These surges can cause damage to harbor infrastructure and boats, and threaten the safety of mariners who attempt to enter or exit the harbor.

References

Azouri (2016): Observations, forecast, and modeling of 0.5-200 min infragravity oscillations in Hale'iwa harbor region, Hawai'i. PhD. Dissertation. University of Hawai'i at Manoa.

Munger, Cheung (2008): Resonance in Hawai'i waters from the 2006 Kuril Islands tsunami. Geophys. Res. Lett., vol. 35, L07605, doi:10.1029/2007GL032843

Cheung, Bai, Yamazaki (2013): Surges around the Hawaiian islands from the 2011 Took tsunami. J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans, vol. 118: 5703-5719.

Roeber, Cheung, (2012): Boussinesq-type model for energetic breaking waves in fringing reef environments. Coastal Eng., vol. 70: 1-20.

Roelvink, Reniers, Van Dongeren, de Vries, McCall, & Lescinski (2009): Modelling storm impacts on beaches, dunes and barrier islands. Coastal engineering, vol. 56(11-12): 1133-1152.

Shi, Kirby, Harris, Geiman, & Grilli (2012): A high-order adaptive time-stepping TVD solver for Boussinesq modeling of breaking waves and coastal inundation. Ocean Modelling, vol. 43: 36-51.

Published
2018-12-30
How to Cite
Azouri, A., Roeber, V., & Luther, D. S. (2018). THE RESPONSE OF HARBOR ENVIRONMENTS PROTECTED BY IRREGULAR FRINGING REEF SYSTEMS TO STRONG GRAVITY WAVE FORCING - A CASE STUDY. Coastal Engineering Proceedings, 1(36), currents.44. https://doi.org/10.9753/icce.v36.currents.44