AbstractA two-way coupling between the fully non-linear potential flow (FNPF) solver OceanWave3D and the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) solver DualSPHysics is presented. At the coupling interfaces within the SPH domain, an open boundary formulation is applied. An inlet and outlet zone are filled with bu er particles. At the inlet, horizontal orbital velocities and surface elevations calculated with OceanWave3D are imposed on the bu er particles. At the outlet, horizontal orbital velocities are imposed, but the surface elevation is extrapolated from the fluid domain. Velocity corrections are applied to avoid unwanted reflections in the fluid domain. The SPH surface elevation can be coupled back to OceanWave3D, where the original solution is overwritten. The coupling methodology is validated using a 2-D test case of a floating box. Additionally, a 3-D proof of concept is shown where overtopping waves are acting on a heaving cylinder. The 2-way coupled model proofs to be capable of simulating wave propagation and wave-structure interaction problems with an acceptable accuracy with RMSE values remaining below the smoothing length h.
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