AbstractCoastal ecosystems, such as salt marshes, mangrove forests and reefs, can contribute to flood risk reduction by surge attenuation, wave energy dissipation and erosion reduction (Temmerman et al. 2013). Such ecosystems can work stand-alone, but here we consider hybrid engineering solutions, where ecosystems are utilized as vegetated foreshores along engineered structures (Fig. 1).
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Vuik, V., Suh Heo, H.Y., Zhu, Z., Borsje, B.W., Jonkman, S.N. (2018a). Stem breakage of salt marsh vegetation under wave forcing: A field and model study. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 200, 41-58.
Vuik, V., Van Vuren, S., Borsje, B.W., Van Wesenbeeck, B.K., Jonkman, S.N. (2018b). Assessing safety of Nature-based Flood Defenses: dealing with extremes and uncertainties. Coastal Engineering (in review).
Zhu, Z., Vuik, V., Soens, T., Visser, P.J., Van Wesenbeeck, B.K., Van de Koppel, J., Jonkman, S.N. (2018). Nature-based mitigation of coastal flood risks during historic and recent storms. (in review).