AbstractFor the sake of overtopping, stability and economy, rubble mound breakwaters have been built with a berm in the seaward slope. Here, a breakwater model with cube armour units in the lower slope and a horizontal berm, and rock in the upper slope was tested experimentally. The purpose of the study was to investigate the stability of berms for two different configurations of the transition of armor units from the lower slope to the berm. Based on the test results, an effective configuration of cube units at the transition has been obtained.
Frens, A.B., Van Gent, M., and Olthof, J. 2008. Placement methods for antifer units, ICCE 2008, Hamburg.
PIANC 2003. State-of-the-Art of designing and constructing berm breakwaters. MarCom Report of WG 40.
Van Gent, M.R.A. 2013. Rock stability of rubble mound breakwater with a berm, Coastal Engineering, Elsevier, vol.78, pp. 35-45.
Van Gent, M.R.A., and Van der Werf, I.M. 2017. Single layer cubes in a berm, Proc. Applied Coastal Research (SCACR 2017), Santander.
Van der Meer, J., and Sigurdarson, S. 2017. Design and Construction of Berm Breakwaters, Advanced Series on Ocean Engineering (Vol. 40), World Scientific, 350 pp.