AbstractWinter navigation in harbors located in arctic areas becomes very challenging due to cold weather, ice drift, brash ice growth, ice collar formation in wharves and icing of structures and equipment. The loading frequency and nature of the cargo vessel traffic is affecting in the ice management needs in the harbour. There are no standard solutions for ice management in harbor areas and each location must be locally studied simultaneously with the port design identifying the associated ice challenges. This work brings together the challenges related to winter navigation in ice-covered waters and ice management methods currently used in Arctic harbors.
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