ICCE 2018 Cover Image

How to Cite

Ruiz de Almirón de Andrés, C., Saarinen, S., & Uuskallio, A. (2018). REVIEW OF ICE CHALLENGES AND ICE MANAGEMENT IN PORT AREAS. Coastal Engineering Proceedings, 1(36), papers.79.


Winter navigation in harbors located in arctic areas becomes very challenging due to cold weather, ice drift, brash ice growth, ice collar formation in wharves and icing of structures and equipment. The loading frequency and nature of the cargo vessel traffic is affecting in the ice management needs in the harbour. There are no standard solutions for ice management in harbor areas and each location must be locally studied simultaneously with the port design identifying the associated ice challenges. This work brings together the challenges related to winter navigation in ice-covered waters and ice management methods currently used in Arctic harbors.


Eranti (1986): Cold region structural engineering, McGraw Hill Higher Education (1986). 529pp. ISBN 10: 0-07-037034-6.

Mironov, et al. (2012). Ice phenomena threatening arctic Shipping. Backbone publishing company. ISBN 978-0-9847864-2-8.

Pan (2009): Pan, Eranti (2009): Flow and heat transfer simulations for the design of the Helsinki Vuosaari harbour ice control system, Cold Regions Science and Technology, ELSEVIER, vol. 55, issue 3, pp. 304-310.

Sandkvist (1981): Conditions in brash ice covered channels with repeated passages, POAC 81: the sixth international conference on port and ocean engineering under arctic conditions, Québec, Canada July 27-31, 1981, Proceedings, Universite Laval, 1981, 244-252 p.

Weeks (2010): On sea ice. University of Alaska Press (2010). Fairbanks, AK. 664pp. ISBN-13: 978-1-602- 23079-8.

Authors retain copyright and grant the Proceedings right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this Proceedings.