AbstractConventional tsunami computations on coarser grids have employed Manning's friction coefficients of subgrid equivalent roughness for buildings, vegetation and public facilities (roads, dikes and so on), depending on land-use at the grid location. This equivalent roughness macroscopically models to integrate all effects of resistances against the flow within the computational cells; that is, drag force and pressure reduction behind structures in addition to wall roughness defined in turbulent boundary layer theory. Recently high-resolution land elevation data (2-m resolution), measured by an aerial laser profiler, has been used for computing local inundation of tsunami flood. Since the high-resolution data resolves major buildings and facilities, the mechanical contributions of the structures, such as drag and pressure reduction, are included in the computed result. In this case, conventional equivalent friction may be unacceptable to use.
Gotoh, Okayasu, Watanabe (2013): Computational Wave Dynamics, World Scientific.
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