AbstractIn the past decades, the crest height of the seawall was determined by the allowable average wave overtopping rate q. Franco (1994) concluded that individual wave overtoppingï¼Œparticularly the maximum individual volume, provided a better design method than q, considering the stability of the seawall and the safety of vehicles and people along the coastal area protected by the coastal defense structures. Shanghai, located on the west bank of the Pacific Ocean, is quite sensitive to the risk of storm surges and violent wave overtopping. The crown-wall serves as an engineering measure to reduce the wave overtopping effectively.
Franco, De Gerloni, Van der Meer (1994): Wave overtopping on vertical and composite breakwaters, Coastal Engineering, pp.1030-1044.
Pan, Kuang, Li, (2015):Full-scale laboratory study on distribution of individual wave overtopping volumes over a levee under negative freeboard, Coastal Engineering, vol. 97, pp. 11-20.
Victor, Van der Meer, Troch (2012):Probability distribution of individual wave overtopping volumes for smooth impermeable steep slopes with low crest freeboards. Coastal Engineeringï¼Œvol.64, pp.87-101.