• Brian Maggi
  • Christopher Baxter
  • Aaron Bradshaw
  • Annette Grilli
  • Stephen Licht
  • Paolo Stegagno
  • Naser Al Naser


The objective of this paper is to present the results of on-going field studies to assess the performance of geotextile sand-filled container (GSC) reinforced dunes and to develop probabilistic fragility curves for a range of damage states to these structures. While numerous lab experiments and numerical models have been developed to predict the hydraulic stability of coastal revetments made of GSCs, there has been limited in situ validation of these systems, especially when they are used to reinforce the core of a natural system (Dassanayake and Oumeraci, 2012). Furthermore, the formulas and nomograms developed to characterize GSC systems are not intuitive for coastal community stakeholders to assess the level of resiliency provided by a beach and GSC dune system. The development of fragility curves offers a solution to assess the performance and understand the tradeoffs of reinforced dunes for coastal protection systems.


Dassanayake and Oumeraci (2012): Hydraulic Stability of Coastal Structures Made of Geotextile Sand Containers (GSCS): Effect of Engineering Properties of GSCS, Coastal Engineering, 33.

Gruhn, Salecker, Fröhle, Schuttrumpf, and Thorenz (2012): Flood Protection Dunes - An Approach for Reliability Assessment by Means of Fragility Curves as Part of a Risk and Damage Analysis, Proceedings of 33rd International Conference on Coastal Engineering.

Recio and Oumeraci (2009): Processes Based Stability Formulae for Coastal Structures Made of Geotextile Sand Containers, Coastal Engineering, 56, pp. 632-658.

How to Cite
Maggi, B., Baxter, C., Bradshaw, A., Grilli, A., Licht, S., Stegagno, P., & Al Naser, N. (2018). DEVELOPMENT OF FRAGILITY CURVES FOR REINFORCED DUNES. Coastal Engineering Proceedings, 1(36), structures.10.