AbstractA moving atmospheric pressure disturbance can induce a system of forced water waves. As predicted by the linear theory, an infinite wave height will be induced when the Froude number Fr=1, which is known as the Proudman resonance. Fr is defined as the ratio between the moving speed of an atmospheric pressure disturbance and the phase velocity of shallow water wave. The Proudman resonance is thought to be one of main mechanisms for the destructive meteotsunami (Monserrat et al., 2006). In this study, the nonlinear shallow water equations are used to describe the waves induced by a moving pressure disturbance, and the impact factors to the maximum water elevation in the case of Fr=1 are discussed.
Monserrat, S., VilibiÄ‡, I. and Rabinovich, A.B., (2006). Meteotsunamis: Atmospherically induced destructive ocean waves in the tsunami frequency band. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 6(6): 1035-1051.
Niu, X. and Zhou, H., (2015). Wave pattern induced by a moving atmospheric pressure disturbance. Applied Ocean Research, 52: 37-42.