ICCE 2022

How to Cite

FROM EXPERIMENT TO INTERVENTION: SCALING UP MARINE ECO-ENGINEERING. (2023). Coastal Engineering Proceedings, 37, management.176.


We use lessons learned from more than 20 years of eco-engineering projects in Sydney Harbour to present a pathway for how to connect science and scientific findings to inform management interventions and policy, to optimize and facilitate the scaling up of eco-engineering worldwide. We use the Living Seawalls, a large-scale eco-engineering project, as a case-study. Living Seawalls comprise modules, mimicking the habitat features of natural shorelines (e.g. rock pools, crevices; Fig. 1) that are fitted in scalable mosaics onto built structures. The complex surfaces increase the habitat area for growth of marine life (Bishop et al, in press).


Bishop, Vozzo, Mayer-Pinto, Dafforn (in press). Complexity-biodiversity relationships on marine urban structures: reintroducing habitat heterogeneity through eco-engineering. Philos T R Soc B.

Bishop, M.J., Mayer-Pinto, M., Airoldi, L., Firth, L.B., Morris, R.L., Loke, L.H.L., Hawkins, S.J., Naylor, L.A., Coleman, R.A., Chee, S.Y., Dafforn, K.A., 2017. Effects of ocean sprawl on ecological connectivity: impacts and solutions. J. Exp. Mar. Bio. Ecol. 492, 7–30.

Bugnot, Mayer-Pinto, Airoldi, Heery, Johnston, Critchley, Strain, Morris, Loke, , Bishop, Sheehan, Coleman, Dafforn (2020). Current and projected global extent of marine built structures. Nat. Sustain.1-9.

Naylor, Coombes, Venn, Roast, Thompson (2012). Facilitating ecological enhancement of coastal infrastructure : The role of policy , people and planning. Environ. Sci. Policy 22, 36–46.

Chapman (2003). Paucity of mobile species on constructed seawalls: Effects of urbanization on biodiversity. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 264, 21–29.

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Copyright (c) 2023 Mariana Mayer Pinto, Melanie Bishop, Katherine Dafforn, Maria Vozzo